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Kilimanjaro Climb
Mount Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions: Kilimanjaro Trekking & Kilimanjaro hiking in Tanzania combined with an African Safari to Kenya, Tanzania and Zanzibar

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Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Africa Safari Destinations
About Uganda Facts & Uganda travel guide, The Pearl of Africa
Uganda lies astride the Equator right in the heart of Africa.

Uganda is bordered by Kenya in the East, Tanzania in the South, Rwanda in the South West, Congo in the west and Sudan in the north, thus making Uganda a land locked country.

Uganda in roughly the size of United Kingdom, covering a total area of 236,040 sq km's, with a population of about 25 million.

Summary of Uganda travel Facts:
Country: Uganda
Capital City: Kampala
Total Area: 236,040 sq km's.
Area under water: 36,330 sq km's.
Area (land) :199,710 sq km's.
Population: 25 ,million people.
Languages: English (official) Luganda, Bantu
Languages, and Nilotic languages and Swahili.
Religions: Roman Catholics;33% Protestants 33%, Moslems 16% Others 17 (including Pentecostal which has gained a lot of follower.
Average Family Income ,about Us $ 200 per annum
Government: Republic.
Independence Date: 9th of October 1962 .

Industry: Brewing, Sugar factories, Cotton, Tobacco , Cement, Coffee, etc.
Agriculture: Coffee, Tea, Cotton, Vanilla, Millet, Milk ,Poultry, Goat Meat, Fruit.
Minerals: Copper, Cobalt, Limestone, Salt, Fish

Climate: Tropical Accessibility: By Air, Entebbe International Airport, by Land through Busia and Malaba in the East, Katuna in the west and Mukula in the South.

THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF UGANDA
PHYSICAL AND CLIMATIC FEATURES
Uganda can be described as basin shaped rising between the western and eastern blocks of the rift valley. The country lies across the equator bordered by Tanzania in the south, Sudan in the north, Kenya in the east, Zaire in the west and Rwanda in the southwest.

The topography of the country is generally flat with an altitude of 1,000m in most parts of the country, however its location on the great African plateau and across the equator gives it a remarkable biological and physical diversity.
Uganda is naturally endowed with water and fertility, 25% of the area is covered with lakes, rivers and swamps, Lake Victoria being the largest lake in Africa, the source of the River Nile the world’s longest river, Lake Kyoga in the center of the country, Lakes Edward, George and Albert close to the border of Congo.

The country is also a product of the African Continent uplift with the most mountainous part in the southwest that harbors the Rwenzori mountains which form the highest mountain in Africa, other mountains also include Mount Elgon, Virunga, Bufumbira Mountains on the southwestern border of Rwanda, the Northern Volcanoes of Uganda and many more of these physical features make Uganda a very interesting geographical part of Africa.

CLIMATE
The country’s temperatures range between 26o and 30o during the day and 16o and 20o at night with the hottest months being January, February and December. Apart from some northern parts of the country that receive average annual rainfall as low as 100mm, the rest of the country is green throughout the year with an annual rainfall between 1,000mm to 2,000mm with the coolest season being mid-September to November, the March to May.

POPULATION, LANGUAGE AND CULTURE
Uganda’s population is estimated to be about 24.6 million with 87% living in rural areas. The Country’s population can generally be classified along linguistic lines or groups that occupy the country. The largest group of the Bantu-speaking people are the Baganda accounting for about 82.1% of the population mostly living in Kampala and other parts like Mpigi, Mubende, Masaka, Mukono, Luwero and several other parts.

Other significant Bantu-speaking groups are Bakiga in the southwestern part of the country, Batooro in western Uganda at the foothills of Rwenzori Mountains, and the Banyoro of the Bunyoro-Kitala Kingdom. Banyankole numbering 2.2 million and occupying mostly the Western part of the country are basically cattle keepers and agriculturists with their main urban area in Mbarara.
The Eastern part of the country has a diversity of people with different languages and culture but the most dominant are Bantu speaking Basoga, speaking Lusoga dialect and the largest ethnic group in the East and closely linked to Baganda. The place being at the shores of Lake Victoria, its soils are very fertile and agriculture is a major activity.

The Bagisu settled at the foothills of Mount Elgon are also another major ethnic Bantu group that inhabit one of Uganda’s large town of Mbale. Agriculture is major activity and the main language spoken is Lumasaba quite related to some languages in Kenya. However there are also other Bantu-speaking groups in this area like the Bagwere, Banyole, Basamia and many more.

UGANDA’S NATURAL HISTORY
Uganda is a unique safari destination from other African countries basically because of its large forested area with Lowland rain forest, Afro-montane forest found especially on Mount Elgon, and their accessibility gives you a spectacular view of the forest creatures like chimpanzees, gorillas, monkeys, butterflies and birds. Going through the country’s game reserves, you are likely to encounter safari favorites like Lions, buffalo, elephant, leopard, giraffe and other several species of animals not found anywhere in Africa.

The country has 10 gazetted national parks with several wildlife and forest reserves. These protect Savannah, plain animals, forest environment and the associated animals, however the one at present with tourist facilities include, Semliki, Queen Elizabeth, Budongo, Kanyiyo and Pabidi forest reserves, Murchison falls national park and several others.

Uganda is naturally endowed with water bodies Like Lake Victoria, Kyoga, Albert, Edward and several crater lakes especially around the Rwenzori foothills. The existence of such water bodies facilitates a relatively moist climate, with the countryside greener and fertile compared to the semi-desert northern side. Around these water bodies are different bird species not easily found anywhere in Africa especially the papyrus gonolek and the shoebill.

The country is mostly covered with a plateau at altitudes of 1,000-1200m and by the effect of warping and rifting, the East African landscape was molded giving way to the Western rift valley of Uganda and the most attractive mountains like Rwenzori Mountains bordering Congo with Margherita peak 5,110m as the third highest point in Africa. Other major mountains include, Moroto3, 084m, Elgon 4,321m, Virungas on Rwanda border with Muhabura as the highest of Ugandan peaks at 4,127m and several others. Most of these mountains, are homes to forest habitats and have high grasslands.

Uganda visa requirements
A visa to Uganda is issued at Uganda missions abroad and entry points. All countries that require visas for Uganda are also visa prone in Uganda.
Uganda Visa Cost

Single entry will cost US$ 50 and multiple entry is US$ 100.
Student visa is $20 for single entry and $30 for multiple entry.
Visa requirements are subject to change.

Uganda Climate & Time:
Uganda weather condition is  ideal, ranging from the warmth of the lowland areas to the coolness of the highlands in the South West Kigezi.

Temperature
Uganda is sunny with temperatures rarely rising above 29 degrees. The average temperature is approximately 26 celcius, with a maximum of 18-31 and minimum of 15-23 degrees dependent on the part of the country.

Seasons
The rain season is March-May. Light rain season is November and December. Wet seasons are March –May & October-November; dry seasons are December to February & June to August. Rainfall ranges between 500mm to 2500 mm & the relative humidity is 70% -100%

Terrain
About 34% of the country is covered in wetlands with a dense network of rivers, lakes and swamps. Generally, the country is endowed with fertile soils. Uganda has Lake Albert, Lake Victoria which is the 2nd largest fresh water lake in the world and also the source of the Nile.

Uganda National Parks: Parks of Uganda
Rwenzori Mountaineering in Uganda:
How to reach there:
By road from Kampala via Mbarara to Kasese or from Kampala through Fort Portal and then 75 km South on the Fort Portal / Kasese road. The park is 25 km from Kasese town, then turning left inside to reach Ibanda and Niakalengija, following the sign post on the Kasese Road. Chartered planes are also available from Entebbe /Kampala to Kasese and then by road.

What to do:
A trip into the Rwenzori Mountains is a rewarding experience, which allows you to see the main peaks of the largest mountain range in Africa. The most common trial, the so called central circuit, starts at the National Park Head Quarter in Niakalengija and lasts on average 7 days six nights, hut after hut, reaching at an altitude of up to 4.372 metres at Scott Elliot Pass. You experience five different vegetation zones, from the tropical and bamboo forests up to the alpine zones. The hike does not require any specific climbing experience or training, but it is easy to whoever likes mountaineering. It is possible to complete the trial by ascending the main peaks, like Margherita on Mount Stanley (5.109 m), Mount Speke (4.890 m.), Mount Luigi di Savoia (4.627 m.).

When to go:
the best advisable time is the dry season from December to February and from May to August.

Equipment and organization:
You are recommended to have with you or to hire at the National Park headquarter rucksack, sleeping bag for low temperature and sleeping mat, one plate, cutlery, mug, knife, gumboots, water proof trousers, poncho or rain coat, heavy worm jacket, hand gloves, scarf and cup, jumper, torch, bottle of water. For whoever will climb the peaks some specialised equipment is required in addition: a pair of crampons, snow gloves, snow goggles, climbing boots, rope and ice axe, as you reach the glacier area. The entrance package gives to each person the support of an experienced guide plus four porters, which will carry most of the luggage, so that you are not supposed to have a bag heavier than 15kg.

Food and Accommodation:
The food during the trekking can be organized by the tour operator or the association of the Rwenzori Mountaineering Services (RMS), or you can purchase locally before starting the trial. Cooking utensils are available at the huts. A cook can be hired to help the preparation of food. You will spend the nights in huts, which are basic and environmentally friendly structures. Some water supply or stream are located around the huts to provide drinking water and for other purposes. Toilets are also found close to the hut. Before and after the hike on the mountains you can find good and comfortable accommodation in Kasese, Fort Portal or even at Ibanda before entering the park.

Rwenzori Mountains National Park in Uganda
The Rwenzori Mountains lie along the western border of Uganda and rise to a height of 5,100 meters. Here are the legendary 'Mountains of the Moon', a World Heritage Site - and these incomparable, beautiful, mist-shrouded peaks provide a unique backdrop to one of our most magnificent national parks.

In the centre of the range, which boasts Africa's third highest mountain, some of the peaks carry permanent snow and glaciers, while the lower slopes are covered with dense forest. Walking trails on the lower slopes do not call for mountaineering experience, although the higher you go the fitter you need to be. Excellent walking routes, including the Bujuku circuit, are provided through wonderful and unique scenery.

For those who want to attempt a climb, several peaks provide challenges that match those in the Alps. These fabled mist-covered "Mountains of the Moon," 120 km in length and 48 km in width, were formed from a block which was thrust up during the creation of the western arm of the Great East African Rift Valley. At the centre of the range, there are six peaks carrying permanent snow, three with glaciers. The highest of these peaks, and the third highest peak in Africa, is Mt. Margherita rising 5100 meter above sea level.

The Rwenzori Mountains were gazetted as a National Park in 1991. The Park covers 996 km2 of rugged mountain terrain. Whether they are experienced climbers or casual day-hikers, Rwenzori Mountain National Park offers visitors a unique experience of an Afro-Montane rainforest. The main attraction is the luxuriant vegetation found above 3000 m which includes the giant forms of Lobelia, Heather and Groundsel. Rwenzori Mountains National Park is also home to the hyrax, blue monkey, chimpanzee, giant forest hog and many unique bird species such as the Rwenzori touraco, the handsome francolin and the olive pigeon.

The best time for mountaineering is during the dry seasons from mid-December to the end of March and from June through mid-August.

Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
Bwindi Impenetrable national park covers an area of about 331 square kilometres with an altitude Range of Approximately 1160 metres (Ishasha gorge) and 2607 metres (Rwamunyonyi Peak). It receives an annual Temperature Range of 7-20 degrees Celcius the coldest Period being June-July Annual Precipitation is 1130 mm - 2390 mm and it experiences the heaviest rains in March-April and September - November other months being generally dry.

Majority of the local people living around the park are Bakiga and Bafumbira, and it constitutes the densest settlements in Uganda, ( 233 people/ square kilometers ) Bwindi is a home to 326 gorillas, almost a half of the world’s population of mountain gorillas. It has about 120 species of mammals including 7 diurnal primates and about 30 elephants. There are about 360 species of birds and over 200 species of butterflies. This Afro - montane forest has dense under storey of fern, vines, shrubs. About 324 tree species have been recorded here, 10 of which occur no where else in Uganda.

TOURISM ACTIVITIES AT THE PARK.
GORILLA SAFARIS : UGANDA SAFARIS
This is a major tourist activity in Bwindi with four gorillas groups are currently available to be visited on daily basis. Gorilla safaris are carried out at Mubare group (10 gorillas; 1 silverback ) was Opened for tourism in 1993, while Habinyanja group (18 gorillas, 1silver backs) was ready in July 1998, Rushegura group (10gorillas and 1 silver back )was opened for tourism in july 2002 while Nkuringo group (19 gorillas, 2silver backs) was opened for tourism in April 2004Bwindi Impenetrable National Park.

Six permits per day are sold for each of these groups at Uganda Wildlife Authority Headquarters in Kampala. Gorilla Trekking Uganda in Bwindi can be rigorous, therefore ensure physical fitness. Carry jungle boots and rain jackets because the park is often wet. If you cant cope up with the jungle sounds .Don’t forget rain gears, sunscreens, insect repellants , a hat given the fact that
the weather is un predictable

Your gorilla tracking experience starts at 8:30 am local time and occasionally lasts the whole day! For Conservation reasons, visits to the gorillas are tightly controlled.

THE MUNYANGA RIVER TRAIL
Is an ideal short walk for visitors with little time to spare. Here you can see birds and primates of the forest edge.
 
THE POPULAR WATERFALL TRAIL provides an attractive feature of the forest with a profusion of tree ferns, epithetic ferns, orchids and Bwindi's colorful array of butterflies. This trail which leads to 3 delightful crystal clear waterfalls typifies your impression of a tropical rain forest.

THE RUSHURRA TRAIL
Commands expansive views across the western rift valley floor. To the west, Congo's Parc Nationale Des Virungas provides a spectacular backdrop, and on clear days Lake Edward and the Rwenzori Mountain are visible.

THE MUZABAJIRRO TRAIL
Offer breath-taking views of Bwindi Forest. Western Rift Valley and the Virungas. On the way, you witness hundreds of pre-historic tree ferns. The top of this trail is a great place for a picnic lunch.

THE RUIZI RIVER TRAIL
So far the longest in the park will occupy you for a full day. It is highly recommended for bird watchers.

TRAIL IN YOUR CAR.
Visitors with their own 4 -wheel drive transport should consider crossing the rugged centre of the park through Ruhija. This transect affords the visitor with Uganda's finest vistas of deep undisturbed forests. Watch out for duikers, primates and both forest and grassland bird species. In Ruhija, visitors can take the three-hour scenery packed hike to the Mubwindi swamp. You may also walk to the Bamboo zone (the only such area in the park).

THE BAMBOO TRAIL
The Bamboo trail offers 14 vegetation types and is one of the areas of highest diversity in the park. At the top of this trail, you witness panoramic views encompassing L. Bunyonyi and Mafuga forest.

CULTURAL PERFORMANCE
In the evenings, participate in captivating traditional performances presented by Women's groups. Proceeds from these go directly to improve the welfare of families around the park.

Safari to Bwindi National Park Uganda.
530km south west of Kampala (8.5 hour drive). Nestled down in the south west of the country, on the edge of the Western Rift Valley this 331km˛ of montane rainforest is the only forest in Africa where gorillas and chimpanzees occur together. The world population of mountain gorillas is currently estimated at 600, half of which live in Bwindi, alongside an estimated 350-400 chimpanzee. In addition to the gorillas and chimps this ancient rainforest - one of the few in Africa to have flourished throughout the last Ice Age (making it over 25,000 years old) - is home to several other mammals (approx. 93 species) as well as roughly 360 species of bird.

As you walk among the shadows of the leafy canopy, this rainforest reveals the smells and sounds of Africa, just as it has been for centuries.
Without doubt, your first impression of the dense jungle will be its almost audible silence. Jungle creatures are very, very shy, but, as you pick your way along the trail, through the dense undergrowth, you'll realize that the jungle is alive. Thousands of living organisms are discreetly watching and waiting whilst you pass through their protective home and, from time to time, the complete tranquility will be shattered by a darting forest bird or group of chattering monkeys leaping through the stands of ancient trees, disturbing the secretive residents and setting up a chain reaction. Now, the ever-wary jungle comes to colorful and noisy life for a moment, until silence reigns again.

Lake Mburo National Park Safari information, Uganda
Lake Mburo National Park is located in Mbarara, just about 3.5 hours drive from Kampala. Covered with Acacia woodland, Lake Mburo NP has a variety of fauna different from other parks in Uganda.

What to See:
Zebra, Antelope, Topi, Impala, Several Acacia Birds.
-5 lakes within the park attract Hippos, crocodiles and a variety of water Birds.
For tourists, Lake Mburo National Park is a nice stop over when traveling to or from the Western parks and reserves.

Getting There:
3.5 hours west of Kampala along the Masaka- Mbarara Road.

Activities:
Game Drives, guided tours, boat trips, fishing and salt lick.

Visiting time:
Any time of the year.

Lake Mburo National Park
Two brothers, Kigarama and Mburo lived in a large valley. One night, Kigarama dreamt that they were in danger. When he awoke the next morning, he told his younger brother Mburo of his dream and said they should move. Mburo ignored this advice, but Kigarama wisely moved up into the hills.

The valley flooded and a lake was formed, drowning Mburo. Today the lake is named after him, and the hills are called Kigarama after his brother.
The word Mburo is similar to the "mboro", the Runyankole name of the cassine tree which has a powerful aphrodisiac effect.

One such tree, showing signs of bark and branch removal, may be seen close to the Kigambira Loop crossroads.

Situated between Masaka and Mbarara in Western Uganda, it is the only park to contain an entire lake. Beautiful and tranquil Lake Mburo National Park is situated in rolling hills and open grassy valleys. This lovely landscape also consists of four other smaller lakes where you'll see impala, eland, waterbuck, klipspringer, zebra and buffalo.

Hippos and crocodiles can be seen grazing on cool mornings. The surrounding papyrus swamps hide the beautiful sitatunga, a very special antelope with narrow, elongated hooves which allow them to move freely on marshy land. The attractive acacia-dotted savannah (256 sq. km) is home to huge herds of impala, as well as uncommon topi, eland, klipspringer and other antelope. Zebra and buffalo also graze these peaceful acres.

Mgahinga Gorilla National Park travel information: Uganda Safari
Gorilla tracking Mgahinga gorilla National Park travel information. This is the smallest national park and it covers an area of 36 sq km and it was established in1991.It is the Ugandan part of the Virunga National park but with rare species. It is in the far south west of Uganda in Kisoro. It may be small but it is arguably considered as the most panoramic park. The park in habited by mostly the Bafumbira who lead a simple life mainly as cultivator batwa who once lived in the place and fed on wwildlife are the minority.

The protection of Gorillas in Mgahinga started began in the 1950'sThe gorilla protection later started decreasing not until the 1989 when gorillas began to receive some protection from Gorilla game reserve conservation project along the Uganda side .

Mgahinga protect around76 mammals species , including the golden monkeys localized and distinctive race of blue monkeys), Black and white colobus monkeys , mountain gorillas, leopards, elephants, giant forests hog, bush pigs, buffalo, bush bucks, black-fronted duiker and several varieties of rodents, bats, and small predators.

Bafflingly, only 115 bird species have been recorded probably a reflection of the park's small size

Ecosystem and wild life ;being a mountainous area , the park vegetation is afro montane with in a cool climate. The abundant type of vegetation is the bamboo (60%), which is a delicacy to the mountain gorilla. Other types of flora include the lobelia, Haegenia etc.

Tour and Travel Information about the Park
Gorilla Tracking ;This is the most exciting and un forgettable experience , which might take one through a thick jungle. One gorilla group Nyakagezi is currently habituated and available for tourist. It has 11 members ;2 silver backs ,3 adult females ,4 juveniles and 2 infants.

Volcano climbing; Mgahinga Gorilla National park offers three extinct volcanoes for physically fit hikers although they do not require special mountaineering gear. The three volcanoes are Sabinyo, Gahinga ,and Muhavura.

Bird watching ;Birding along the edge of the park is available on request. you will taken out by the guides from 1700 hours to 1800 hours. A stroll along the buffalo wall towards democratic republic of Congo takes you through a wetland area where ibis, speckled mouse birds and fire finch are found.

Viewing plat form; This is about 800metresfrom the park gate. Once on top , you will have a good view of the park and the surrounding areas. A guide is not necessary and the activity is free.

The Park, gazetted in 1991, covers an area of 33.7km2. It is found in the extreme Southwestern corner of Uganda that borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo and Rwanda. It includes parts of Muhavura, Mgahinga and Sabino Volcanic Mountains. The summit of Muhavura has a small crater lake and forms the highest point (4127m) in the Park. The summit areas are dominated by worth and dwarf heath vegetation. This emerges into bamboo and broad leaved montane forest, down the mountains. The lower slopes have high altitude savannah woodland with lots of lichens and mosses.

The Mountain Gorillas are the most awe-inspiring animals to be found in Africa. Unfortunately, man has not been merciful to them. Poachers have decimated them, and man has destroyed their natural habitat. They have faced extinction, but today sound conservation policies have slowed down their decline, and in the Mgahinga Gorilla National Park they are able to establish their family groups untroubled by predatory man.

Mgahinga National Park
Access to the families is strictly controlled (and not always permitted) and small groups of visitors are always accompanied by a trained ranger. To keep disturbance to the animals to a minimum there are limits to the number of tourists allowed in at any one time. Here we are in the home of the animals and we must act as the perfect guests. The park can be reached by road through Kabale and Kisoro 510km from Kampala.

Queen Elizabeth Tours Uganda | Tour to Queen Elizabeth National Park
Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda has been glorified for having one of the highest biodiversity of any game park or reserve on planet earth.

The history of the park has it that as early as 1925, the number of elephants was more than that of the villagers and as such, the inconvenience of destroying crops and other property was paramount.

As a result, a department was set up to protect both the people and the animals. Parks were designated, and with many changes in the geography and conservation, the park was gazzeted as Queen Elizabeth National Park.

Queen Elizabeth National Park lies in the western rift valley. Combined with Kyambura and Kigezi reserve, the National park has an area of 2475 sq kms. Its temperature varies from 18 to 28c. As you plan your safari to queen Elizabeth, please note that the wettest season in during March to May and then September to November. The best time to visit this park is between December and February.

Queen Elizabeth park is located in the western part of Uganda, bordered to the North by the Mountains of the moon, the Rwenzori and to the West by Lake Edward. The park has both the North and Southern Sectors.

Kibale forest national park.
Kibale safari information: It is located south of Fort portal, at an altitude of about 1,230m above sea level.The forest covers an area of about 760sq km and is divided into seven zone for management purposes, research ,natural reserve, civic-cultural, recreation , harvest, community and protection.
Kibale Forest National park is one of the most gorgeous and marvelous Forest in uganda. It is the most popular habitat for the closest living relative to man that is ;the endangered Chimpanzee and even the colobus monkeys with the l'hoesti monkey. This park has one of the high set numbers of primate in Africa totaling to around 13 species with blue monkey, red tailed monkey, black and white colobus monkeys (which is the emblem of Kibale national park ) bush babies, grey cheeked mangabey and pottos.

Kibale National Park.
Chimpanzee tracking;
This is the most popular tourism activity .It is the guided chimp- tracking excursion out of Kanyachu. Kibale Chimpanzee Tour Uganda Primate Safari, habituations experience; here you will expect to experience the chimps de-nesting between 0530hours to 0630hours. You can follow them up in their daily activities up to nesting time between 1830 hours to 1930 hours. There fore a visitor has tobe ready to start on this activity from very early in the morning .

Primate walk;
This walk starts from kanyanchu river camp at 0800 hours or 1500hours.It take 2 to 4 hours.

Forest hike;
This is a seasonal activity and it is done on 12 kms and strictly restricted to the dry season (mid November - February and June-September).

Bogodi wetland sanctuary and Magombe swamp Walk;
This is the best place for birders. It is where guided nature walks along a trail take place with board walks. It has got around 138 bird species and many number of butterflies.
 

Easily known as the "Coca-Cola route", Marangu is by far the most popular route to the summit of Kilimanjaro. This could partly be as a result of the fact that the Marangu is the least expensive route, but more so, perhaps the fact that it is possible to do the Marangu route in 6 days, thereby getting to the summit one day earlier than on the Machame route. It is the easiest route to Kilimanjaro Uhuru Peak but least scenic. More details....

Read more about Marangu route trekking
 

Sometimes called the Whisky Route. This is a popular route up steep paths through magnificent forests to gain a ridge leading through the moorland zones to the Shira Plateau. It then traverses beneath the glaciated precipices of the Southern Ice fields to join the Barafu Route to the summit. This is probably the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro. All your equipment and supplies are portered and a cook prepares all your meals. Where accommodation on the Marangu route is in huts, the Machame route offers strictly tents only. This makes Machame route better suited to the slightly more adventurous hiker, rewarding him with a scenic splendor such as not seen on the Marangu route. The Machame route is normally completed in a minimum of 6 days. More details....

Read more about Machame route climbing
 

Rongai Route This remote and less frequently used route is the second easiest route to Kilimanjaro. The approach to the mountain is from the less-forested north side and the descent is by the Marangu Route. There are several variations, the one described below is a longer route taking in Mawenzi Tarn. More details....

 

Umbwe Route The Umbwe route is one of the shortest routes to the Southern Glaciers and the Western Breach. It is probably the most scenic, non-technical route on Kilimanjaro. It is quite taxing, primarily due to the relatively fast ascent to higher altitude, but the rewards are plentiful. More details....

 
Lemosho Route This is the longest and most remote route to Kilimanjaro. After beautiful forests and moorlands it crosses the Shira Plateau to meet up with the Machame Route. Groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other game.
Read more about Lemosho route climbing
 

At 5,199 m, Mount Kenya is the second highest peak in Africa. It is an ancient extinct volcano, during whose period of activity (3.1–2.6 million years ago) it is thought to have risen to 6,500 m. Mount Kenya is one of the most impressive landscapes in East Africa. There are three main climbing routes, which penetrate the forest and the moorland - Naromoru, Sirimon and Chogoria.

Read more about Mount Kenya climbing
 
Lemosho Route This is the longest and most remote route to Kilimanjaro. After beautiful forests and moorlands it crosses the Shira Plateau to meet up with the Machame Route. Groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other game.
Read more about Mount Meru climbing

About Uganda facts Uganda travel guide the Pearl of Africa guide to Uganda safari attractions national parks Uganda safari tour operators Uganda gorilla tracking gorilla trekking safari Uganda gorilla trekking Bwindi Impenetrable Kidepo Valley Uganda facts Uganda safaris.

 
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Serengeti safari tour
Masai Mara - Serengeti wildebeest migration:
Wildebeest migration to and back from Serengeti into the Maasai Mara is the single most popular wildlife spectacle in Kenya. The wildebeest migration is such a phenomenon it involves movement of over 1 million animals crossing plains and rivers in the Mara migration. River crossings are the most spectacular where the wildebeest of Mara jump into rivers full of crocodiles and surging currents. The wildebeest is feted as the clown of the Savannah. Also known as a gnu, the animal has a structure resembling a young horse with a heavily built frontal shoulders and chest and a slender posterior. Its legs are so slender it’s intriguing how it supports the proportionately larger body frame. The ‘clown’ title results from its unusual behavior considered to other bovids, for example a gnu herd will usually scatter in different directions when attacked by a lion.
 
 
Lamu Town began life as a 14th century Swahili settlement. But the island has seen many visitors and influences, including Portuguese explorers, Turkish traders and the Omani Arabs. Despite all these influences, Lamu developed its own particular culture which has ultimately endured. The island is a beautiful place of rolling dunes and endless beaches, where tiny villages nestle among coconut and mango plantations and lateen sailed dhows ply the waters. Dense mangrove forests fringe the mainland and the inland sides of the island. The beach on Lamu Island is 12km of empty sands backing on to an ocean protected by a reef...Read more..
 
 
Mount Kenya: Mount Kenya National Park
Mount Kenya plays a crucial role in the life of the country being Kenya's single most important permanent watershed and her largest forest reserve. The fertile soils of its lower slopes also sustain the growth of the nation's richest farmlands whilst much of its vegetation is globally unique. In recent years, however, the Mountain has suffered greatly from the adverse effects of deforestation, resulting in large tracts of its lower slopes being entirely denuded of trees and occupied by squatters. And, although much of the vast forest cover remains intact, the growing demand for timber (Kenya's staple construction and fuel source) threatens to lead to even more serious deforestation and subsequent soil erosion.....Read more...
 
 
Zanzibar
Also known as the spice islands, these exotic islands are one of the best honeymoon destinations and also make for a relaxing African beach holiday ... more

Shaba National Reserve
It is impossible to talk about the Shaba National Reserve without mentioning Samburu National Reserve, and Buffalo Springs National Reserve, because they are all intertwined, and they form a trio of unusual and attractive game sanctuaries, and all neighbours.

Shaba is a relatively small National Park being a little over 239 sq. kms, and it is only 70 kms north of Mount Kenya, at an altitude varying between 700-1500metres.

Visitors go to Parks to see wildlife, and the Shaba Game is outstanding. You have a very good chance of seeing Giraffe, Cheetah, leopard, and lion. You can add to this gazelle, oryx, zebra, and Gerenuk, but of course it is the predators that are most sought after....Read more.. Tanzania travel guide, travel information Tanzania safaris Tanzania safari holidays Tanzania safaris Tanzania travel guide trip journey holiday vacation Tanzania Safari Tanzania travel holidays Kilimanjaro climbing expedition African safari travel Tanzania wildlife safari tours safari trips tour package travel package African safari packages about Uganda facts Uganda travel guide the Pearl of Africa guide to Uganda safari attractions national parks Uganda safari tour operators Uganda gorilla tracking gorilla trekking safari Uganda gorilla trekking Bwindi Impenetrable Kidepo Valley Uganda facts Uganda safaris

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