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Mount Kilimanjaro National Park | Kilimanjaro Climb | Tanzania
Kilimanjaro Climb
Mount Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions: Kilimanjaro Trekking & Kilimanjaro hiking in Tanzania combined with an African Safari to Kenya, Tanzania and Zanzibar

 Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro

 
 
 
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Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions | Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania

Africa Safari Destinations
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park | Kilimanjaro Climb | Tanzania
 
Mount Kilimanjaro National Park | Kilimanjaro Climb | Tanzania
Introduction:
A visit to the highest mountain of Africa and exploring the flora and fauna of this region should be a must on your cards if you are looking forward to a visit to Tanzania in the near future. There is an amazing quality of wildlife and flora in this region and a trek to Mount Kilimanjaro can be one of those precious moments of your life, which you would never like to forget.

Situated in the North Tanzania between Moshi River and Kenyan border Kilimanjaro National Park covers entire region of the Mount Kilimanjaro. The park region includes the moorland and highland zones, Kibo, Mawenzi peaks and Shira Plateau. The park is situated close to Indian Ocean and influences the climate of this region immensely by its size and height.

What to do
Trek to the peak of Mount Kilimanjaro, experience the amazing world of wildlife in the National Park and appreciate the natural beauty of the region that is still untouched despite all the interference we have created

City at a Glance
Latitude 250’ - 320’S
Longitude 3700’ - 3735’E
Area 756 Sq Km
Altitude 1,830 m to 5,895 m above sea level

History
The German colonial government declared Mt. Kilimanjaro and the park as a game reserve in the early part of this century. In 1921, the area was further gazetted as a forest reserve. After 52 years, in 1973, a government notice reclassified the area as a National Park. The park was opened for public viewing in 1977 and from then onwards there has been a regular flow of travellers and trekker into this region. In 1989, UNESCO declared the National Park as a World Heritage property. Today, Mt. Kilimanjaro and National Park is one of the most visited places in Africa by the tourists who wants to test their energy and enthusiasm against the challenge that is it.

Weather and Best Season to Visit
The best time to visit Kilimanajaro National Park is from July to October and from December to March. From March to June is the season of long rains in Tanzania while from November to January is the period of short rains. Long rains are much severe and it is difficult to achieve anything by going there in that season.

Attractions
Flora
Entire park region in itself is an attraction and it is difficult to decide what to mention first. Montane forest, moorland, upland moor, alpine desert, and alpine bogs represent the vegetation of the park. Major plants and trees present in the park are health/scrub plants, grasses like Cyperacease, two distinct forms of giant groundsel on the upper Mount Kilimanjaro, Senecio, giant lobelia, Podocarpus specie, camphorwood, and understorey of ferns.

Fauna
Inside the park, a number of mammal species have been recorded above the treeline. Some of them are elephants (Loxodonta African (v)), several species of rodents, grey duiker Sylvicapra grimmia and eland Taurotragus oryx, bushbuck Tragelaphus scriptus, red duiker Cephalophus natalensis, and buffalo Syncerus caffer. Bird species like lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus, hill chat Cercomela sordida, Hunter's cisticola Cisticola hunteri, and scarlet-tufted malachite sunbird Nectarinia johnstoni have also been found but most of them are few in numbers.

Mt. Kilimanjaro
Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa and one of the few freestanding mountains in the world. It is a challenge for every trekker and mountaineer to climb summit. Being home to some of the most uncommon wildlife and vegetation types in the world gives Mt. Kilimanjaro a personality of its own. John Rebmann, a German, was the first person to sight the peak in 1949, but geographer Hans Ludwig Meyer was the first person who could reach the summit. Major points that can be climbed are Mawenzi and Kibo.

WHERE TO STAY
There are lodges and camps that provide decent accommodation for the travellers. Mandara, Horombo, and Kibo have the tourist complexes where you can get the lodging and food arrangements. Camping and hut fees in the park area is $40 per day per person. Moshi is the nearest large city at a distance of around 38 km and some good accommodation options are available there.

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park, Mount Kilimanjaro Travel, Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Vacations: Mt. Kilimanjaro National Park is situated in the northern part of Tanzania and covers the entire region of Mount Kilimanjaro, highest walkable summit in the world. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park, Mt. Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
 
About Mount Kilimanjaro : Mount Kilimanjaro Climbing
KILIMANJARO is the highest mountain in Africa and the tallest freestanding mountain known to man. It is a mountain where you can hike for more than 90 kilometers, gain 4 000 meters in altitude, traverse rain forest, moorland, alpine desert, snow fields and ice cliffs, all virtually on the equator! A truly unforgettable and fascinating adventure.

Some History
Kilimanjaro has intrigued modern man for the past century. There's no denying that the human spirit thrives on exploring and conquering the unknown. Although it was spoken of in the second century, Mount Kilimanjaro was only "discovered" by the western world in 1848, when the German missionary Johannes Rebmann came within sight of the mountain, explored the area and traversed the lower slopes. He submitted his findings to the Royal Geographical Society, but his description of a snowcapped mountain in eastern equatorial Africa was doubted by these "experts". During the following years there where a number of unsuccessful attempts by various explorers to conquer the summit and it was only on the 6 October 1889 that Dr. Hans Meyer, with Ludwig Purtscheller an experienced alpine mountaineer, managed to reach the summit successfully. The expedition consisted of many porters, guides and advisors. It took the intrepid Meyer almost 6 weeks to reach the summit, 6 times as long as it takes the average climber today. At the centenary of this climb in 1989 one of their Tanzanian guides was still enjoying live at an age of 118 years!!

The Topography
Kilimanjaro rises from plains at approximately 2000 meters, right up to 5 895 meters. An ancient volcano, it now lies dormant except for some tell tale signs of fumaroles in the ash pit. Two other peaks, namely Mawenzi and Shira, flank the main peak of Kibo. These peaks form spectacular photographic backdrops when viewed from various vantage points along the routes to the summit.

The different routes to the summit pass through five ecological zones, being the cultivated lower slopes, Montane forest, heath and moorland, alpine desert and the ice capped summit.

The lower slopes of the mountain are mainly used for agricultural purposes.
The climate here is ideal for the production of coffee, an industry that Tanzania is famous for. Further up, a rain forest belt encircles the mountain up to about 2 00 meters. As you proceed higher, you pass through the heath which changes into moorland, semi-desert at altitude, progressing into total desert and finally into an alpine region with permanent ice glaciers. The higher slopes are covered with scree, loose stones resembling gravel, making it more difficult to negotiate. The main glaciers edging their way down the slopes of Kibo are Heim, Rebmann, Decken, Arrow and some smaller ones. These glaciers form the permanent ice cap of the mountain, although they are, as a result of global warming, believed to receding each year.

The Climate
Being only 3 degrees south of the equator, Kilimanjaro is influenced by the passage of the Inter-tropical Convergence Zone. There is a constant feeling of summer, and there are two rainy seasons to keep in mind. The highest rainfall occurs from March lasting until about the end of May. This is monsoon time. Slightly less rain falls during the short rainy period, which occurs from around October to November, but can extend into December. Apart from these factors, climbing Kilimanjaro remains fairly constant throughout the year.

The maximum rainfall occurs in the forest belt, where it can reach up to 2000 mm per year. At the summit, which can be, describe as a "high altitude desert", the rainfall reaches less than 100 mm per year. Rain (and snow at higher altitudes) can however be encountered at any time of the year.
The average temperatures at the foot of the mountain is 25-30 C and on the summit, it can range from minus 10 -20 C. At 3000m the day temperatures range from 5-15 C, and at night frost is normally encountered. Clearly a large variation, making it more interesting to summit the mountain.

How difficult is the climb-can I do it
About 22,000 climbers set out every year to conquer the Kilimanjaro peak. Several well-marked hiking routes lead to the summit of the mountain. To use the word "climber" is not always correct. Although none of these hikers routes really requires mountaineering skills, hiking to the "roof of Africa" is physically and mentally demanding and should not be under estimated. As much as 40% of those who set out to climb Kilimanjaro turn back before they reach Uhuru peak.

Today, hikers make up the bulk of all those who conquer Kilimanjaro, and the mountain is in fact one of the highest peaks accessible to hikers in the world. Of course there are extremely severe climbs available, including some grade 3+ climbs, but those we leave to the professional alpine climbers and experienced mountaineers. The information on this website is primarily concerned with the hiking routes, which "the average hikers" can follow successfully.

With the adequate preparation any reasonably fit person above the age of 12 years can reach the summit successfully, in fact the oldest person to date to reach the summit was a Frenchman Valtee Daniel at an age of 87!!

Preparation both physically and mentally is the keywords for success-- this web site contains valuable and comprehensive information obtained from 9 years of experience and through the feedback from more than 4300 clients. We believe it will positively contribute to your chances of successfully conquering Kilimanjaro.

CHOOSING A ROUTE
Marangu Route
The main tourist route and by far the most popular route and some claim the easiest route to Uhuru Peak. The 5-day option, which is available on this route, makes it the least expensive route on the mountain. A 6-day option with an extra day of acclimatisation is however also available. This is the only route, which provides comfortable sleeping huts, equipped with beds and mattresses at every campsite. Mineral water, soft drinks, beer and chocolates are also sold at every camp. All the camps on this route have radio contact with the Park Headquarters.

Machame Route
This is probably the most scenic and most beautiful route to the summit. The 6-day route is however physically more challenging than the Marangu route. The day walks are longer and steeper, however the summit night is one hour shorter. The scenic traverse of the Western Breach offers some stunning views! Only tented accommodation available, which can be less comfortable and will require a good sleeping bag and hiking mattress.

Umbwe Route
This route is one of the shorter but also one of the more difficult routes to reach Uhuru peak--but quiet spectacular. Umbwe is known for its caves. The first night you actually sleep at the Umbwe Cave Camp with two more caves that can be visited on route the following day. Also sometimes used as a descending route.

Shira Route
The Shira Plateau is one of the most scenic and most fascinating areas on Kilimanjaro. Depending on the weather conditions you can drive by 4 wheel drive vehicles, to within a 1/2 hours walk of Shira Hut (4000m). Even this drive is very spectacular indeed and offers some magnificent views of Mt Meru and the Great Rift Valley in general. Game is often sighted and the road features some striking vegetation changes ranging from forest, grassland, heath to moorland. The fast ascend by vehicle to about 4000m will require additional acclimatisation, after which it will be possible to ascend Uhuru Peak either via the Western Breach or via the Barafu hut.

Mweka Route
This route can only be use as a descending route for all the western routes.

Lemosho Route
It is a remote, unspoiled and very beautiful route to the Roof of Africa. The forest around the Lemosho Glades is rich in big game animals such as elephant and buffalo, which may sometimes require a game ranger to accompany climbers on the first day. This route is however a long route which requires 7-days for a comfortable completion, which also makes it more expensive.

Rongai (Naro Moru) Route
You can start this route from both the Tanzanian side of the border or from Rongai in Kenya, but all park fees and arrangements must be made at the Marangu gate. The route may only be used for ascend and the Marangu route must be used for descend. There are several big caves along the route, which are used by the porters to overnight for the first two nights.

Western Breach / Arrow Glacier
An alternative final ascend route which can be taken from all of the western routes, sleeping at magnificent Arrow Glacier on your summit night. The western Breach poses a very difficult walk up steep scree with some rock scrambling occasionally required. Snow cover makes scree easier but an ice axe is then required. It is also possible to sleep an extra night inside the Kibo Crater!

Technical climbs
No Technical climbs or adventure activities such as paragliding, cycling or skiing are aloud on Mt. Kilimanjaro.
 
TIPS AND PLANNING FOR SUCCESS:
What To Know
We boast of years of experience in leading hikers and climbers to the summit of Kilimanjaro. Our experienced guides have a proud summit success rate averaging between 96% - 98% and have safely guided over 5500 clients to the top of the mountain. This internet guide aims to provide the potential Kilimanjaro climber with valuable and accurate information on climbing Kilimanjaro, which will hopefully contribute towards increasing your chances of a successful summit attempt. We have complied this information over years of experience as well as from feedback from previous clients. From all the information provided in this guide, the tips listed on this page is probably the most important.

Before The Climb
Be properly equipped
An essential part of your preparation will be to ensure that you are well equipped for your summit attempt. Print our final checklist and mark it off, to ensure that you are. Click on Final Checklist to get to this very important step in your preparation.

Be physically prepared
It is important that your body is adequately prepared for the physical challenges of Mount Kilimanjaro. We have developed a fitness training program which will assist you in getting your body in shape for your Kilimanjaro summit expedition.

Mental preparation
It is possible to summit Kilimanjaro successfully. Many before you have succeeded. This should be topmost in your mind when preparing for the summit attempt. You should always remain in a positive state of mind, but not overly arrogant. Try to anticipate various different scenarios, which you may possibly encounter on the mountain and try to work out the most suitable course of action, mentally by yourself or even as a group. Your mental stamina will, with out a doubt, make the really difficult sections, like from Kibo to Uhuru or from Barafu to Uhuru, easier to complete. Remember if you are properly equipped, you have taken everything as indicated on the final checklist, you are physically prepared and have all the knowledge gained from this internet guide - you will be mentally confident for the physical part of Kilimanjaro..

Adequate travel insurance
Make sure that you have adequate travel and medical insurance, which will also provide you with cover for the climb up Kilimanjaro.

On The Mountain
Go slowly
Go slowly - "Pole Pole" as they say in Swahili! This is also very important during your first days of climbing. Even if you feel well, slow down and enjoy the scenery.

Drink enough water
Make sure that you drink at least 3 - 4 liters of liquid a day - preferably water. For your first day it is recommended that you take along fresh water, which may be purchased at the hotel in Moshi or Arusha before your climb. Try to get the bottles with the screw tops, this way you will also have containers in which to take water further up the mountain. Running water on the mountain is safe to drink from day-2 onwards, but care should still be taken. If you are not used to fresh water in nature, prevent any inconvenience by using water purification tablets. REMEMBER! A functioning "body water balance" is one of the keys to a successful climb!

Walk high - sleep low
If possible and especially on your acclimatisation day "walk high - sleep low" Try to do a short evening stroll to a higher altitude and then descend to sleep at the camp at a lower altitude. This is essential on your acclimatisation day.

Climb light
Climb as lightly as possible, this becomes even more important on your summit night.
Extra weight will slow you down and will also make breathing more difficult.

Packing
Remember that you will be on the mountain for at least 5 or 6 days. You need to take enough clothing, especially socks to last for this period. Due to frequent rainfall as well as numerous streams on the routes, it is advisable to pack items individually in your bag. These individually packed items should be wrapped in plastic bags to prevent them from getting wet in case of rain or of being accidentally dropped in a stream.

Clothing
You will require the correct underwear, thermal hiking socks, gloves (preferably mittens), warm head protection, rain coat, sunglasses and sun protection cream. Also remember your hiking boots, hiking/running shoes (it is not necessary to walk with boots or climbers shoes until the last sections where scree and rocks are encountered), and very importantly, a walking stick / ski-pole. One of the most critical items of clothing is a an outer jacket. You want it to perform the functions of keeping you warm, protect you at temperatures of as low as minus 25 degrees Celsius, keep the wind out and yet still "breath". Try to avoid tight fitting clothing or underwear. This will hamper circulation, causing either cold or discomfort on the mountain. A balaclava is a must, as it will protect your face against cold, wind, sun and snow. Other clothing like shorts, sweaters and T-shirts are strongly recommended, especially during hiking on the lower slopes, when the day temperatures are still high.

The only way to ensure that you are dressed warmly is to follow the principal of wearing the correct clothing layers, starting from against the body. A common mistake made by climbers is to wear almost everything they have and to start off with cotton against the skin. Cotton absorbs moisture perfectly, and moisture trapped against the skin will result in a definite lowering of the body temperature, which could even lead to hypothermia. It is therefore very important to use proper thermal underwear with "wicking" properties (a fabric which has the ability to draw moisture away from the body) and thus enabling it to evaporate to the outside. The middle layer should provide the insulation and a product like polar fleece will be adequate in this regard. The outer layer should be windproof, waterproof and breathable. Products like Ventex, Goretex or Jeantex offer these properties. Short of altitude and physical exertion, cold is one of the most serious obstacles when attempting to summit Kilimanjaro. After securing your booking with us, you'll receive a comprehensive document, to guide you through the steps of purchasing the correct gear.

Take a ski - pole
A ski - pole is essential. Use of ski poles reduces external and internal loads on the knee joint by up to 20%. Using 1 ski pole is a must, but 2 poles are recommended. Buy one or hire one but take one with you.

New batteries
Replace your head lamp and camera batteries with new ones on your summit night.

Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS)
AMS commonly affects people at high altitude, who are not accustomed to high altitude conditions. AMS can be lethal if not treated immediately or if its symptoms are ignored. Probably 70% of all people climbing Kilimanjaro will suffer to some extent from AMS. You should familiarise yourself with this condition and take preventative care.

Malaria
Malaria occurs below 1800 meters and you should use the recommended prophylactics. Please consult your doctor about these. Currently, there are various preventative medication products available which will be effective against the malaria strains currently found in Tanzania. Women using oral contraceptives should consult their physicians before using prophylactics.

Other Useful Tips
Wet wipes
There is no washing water at Kibo and Arrow Glacier camps. Wet Wipes are very useful.

Snacks
Take enough snacks like energy bars etc.

Adequate sun protection
Wear a good quality pair of sunglasses (with UV protection) and use adequate sun protection cream with a protection factor of at least 20+

Thermal flask
Use a thermal flask for your water on the summit night, other water bottles might freeze solid.

Camera
Taking pictures with a fully automatic camera at the summit of Kilimanjaro is possible, and most people do this. The secret is to always have a new battery in your camera when going into cold areas at high altitude. A mechanical camera works just as well, provided you have the knowledge to operate it successfully. Cameras exposed to cold do not cease functioning, but remember, that if you keep your camera inside your jacket and the lens becomes warm, chances are that it will form condensation when suddenly exposed to extreme cold. This condensation will freeze under conditions at the summit. Therefore, keep your camera dry at all times. Moisture will freeze at the summit which WILL cause your camera to stop functioning.

Film
ASA 200 film is good for taking photographs in relatively little light. You might reach the summit just before sunrise and may not wish to wait due to the altitude and the cold. After sunrise, film with ASA 200 or 100 are fine. There are numerous classic photo opportunities, some of which are only available in low light conditions. If you can, and if you are a serious photographer, we recommend that you take a small, portable tri-pod with you. Also remember that it is sometimes so cold that you cannot hold the camera steady.

Mountain water
The stream water high on the mountain Kilimanjaro has been tested and has been found to be fit for drinking. However, if you would like to be on the safe-side, use water purification tablets or ask your guide to boil the water for you. This can be done in the evening. You can fill your flasks in the morning, ready for the next part of the climb.
Tanzania is a travelers paradise. Within a limited time, you can climb Mount Kilimanjaro, go on a safari in Tanzania, into the Serengeti plain - home to some of the largest concentrations of animals anywhere on the planet -, and finally end your time relaxing on the beaches of the exotic spice island of Zanzibar. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain in Africa - and one of the most climbed mountains in the world. Anyone who is reasonably fit can climb Kilimanjaro and trek for one week up to see the actual fabled snows of Kilimanjaro, which sits just south of the Equator.
 

Easily known as the "Coca-Cola route", Marangu is by far the most popular route to the summit of Kilimanjaro. This could partly be as a result of the fact that the Marangu is the least expensive route, but more so, perhaps the fact that it is possible to do the Marangu route in 6 days, thereby getting to the summit one day earlier than on the Machame route. It is the easiest route to Kilimanjaro Uhuru Peak but least scenic. Read more......

Read more about Marangu route trekking
 

Sometimes called the Whisky Route. This is a popular route up steep paths through magnificent forests to gain a ridge leading through the moorland zones to the Shira Plateau. It then traverses beneath the glaciated precipices of the Southern Ice fields to join the Barafu Route to the summit. This is probably the most beautiful route up Kilimanjaro. All your equipment and supplies are portered and a cook prepares all your meals. Where accommodation on the Marangu route is in huts, the Machame route offers strictly tents only. This makes Machame route better suited to the slightly more adventurous hiker, rewarding him with a scenic splendor such as not seen on the Marangu route. The Machame route is normally completed in a minimum of 6 days. Read more......

Read more about Machame route climbing
 

Rongai Route This remote and less frequently used route is the second easiest route to Kilimanjaro. The approach to the mountain is from the less-forested north side and the descent is by the Marangu Route. There are several variations, the one described below is a longer route taking in Mawenzi Tarn. Read more......

 

Umbwe Route The Umbwe route is one of the shortest routes to the Southern Glaciers and the Western Breach. It is probably the most scenic, non-technical route on Kilimanjaro. It is quite taxing, primarily due to the relatively fast ascent to higher altitude, but the rewards are plentiful. Read more......

 
Lemosho Route This is the longest and most remote route to Kilimanjaro. After beautiful forests and moorlands it crosses the Shira Plateau to meet up with the Machame Route. Groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other game. Read more......
Read more about Lemosho route climbing
 

At 5,199 m, Mount Kenya is the second highest peak in Africa. It is an ancient extinct volcano, during whose period of activity (3.1–2.6 million years ago) it is thought to have risen to 6,500 m. Mount Kenya is one of the most impressive landscapes in East Africa. There are three main climbing routes, which penetrate the forest and the moorland - Naromoru, Sirimon and Chogoria.

Read more about Mount Kenya climbing
 
Lemosho Route This is the longest and most remote route to Kilimanjaro. After beautiful forests and moorlands it crosses the Shira Plateau to meet up with the Machame Route. Groups may be accompanied on the first day by an armed ranger as the forests around the Lemosho Glades are rich in buffalo, elephant and other game.
Read more about Mount Meru climbing
Kilimanjaro Climb Expedition tips and advice to follow:

>Find a good tour operator: You can only climb Kilimanjaro with an organized trek and along established routes, so you have to go with an expert operator. The Kilimanjaro climbing operators vary from excellent to downright negligent so be selective and try not to be too cheap if you want to have the most enjoyable climb experience. you can count on Kilimanjaroclimbexpedition.com

>Book in advance: If you intend to climb Kilimanjaro, be sure to book in advance. This will enable you to go in high season, which is January-March and September-October. High Season is a good time to go simply because the weather condition is safest for Kilimanjaro climbing.

>Get fit & prepare well: Break in your hiking boots and walk the dog; climb stairs; hike some hills with a pack on. Walking is the best way to prepare yourself for the long hike up Kilimanjaro to ensure you have right fitness. You need to build up stamina. It's a good idea to get a basic medical check-up before you go. You don't want to be dealing with an ingrown toenail or worse at 18,000 feet. Travel insurance that includes medical is also a must.

>Pack well:  Pack light but make sure you have everything you need to deal with altitude and variation in temperatures. Don't worry about carrying it yourself since a porter/s will take up to 30lbs (15kg) of your personal gear in a duffel bag. You can rent some equipment and clothing locally but you may end up with teeny sleeping bags and a fraying pink jacket. See our recommended climb checklist.

>Choose your convenient route: Make sure your hike is at least 6-7 days to provide the much needed Kilimanjaro commodity, acclimatization if you want to have maximum success. Any shorter and you will not be properly acclimatized. Routes vary in degree of difficulty, traffic and scenic beauty. The least difficult routes are Marangu and Rongai; the more difficult routes are Machame, Umbwe and Lemosho. The longer routes may have more difficult hiking but you'll be more acclimatized and your chances of reaching the summit are therefore higher. The longer western routes also allow you to start your summit day at a more reasonable hour. For details on each route see route descriptions.

>Dealing with altitude: Pace yourself; you will hear the Swahili phrase "pole pole" - slowly slowly, heed it well. Drink lots of water about 4-5 liters a day is recommended. Luckily the mountain streams after the first day are good to drink and naturally cooled. Walk high and sleep low. Take a walk to a higher elevation during the day and come back down to sleep. Consult a doctor before you go and get some medication to prevent altitude sickness. Also make sure your guides are carrying the proper medical equipment such as oxygen, radios and a recompression bag to deal with altitude sickness if it arises.

>Reaching the summit: The hardest part of the trek. Pace yourself, be determined, and you will reach the Uhuru peak. The final ascent is usually timed so you can watch the sunrise over the crater and distant plains. Enjoy the view take a few photos and get back down before you get too affected by the high altitude. Take a well earned nap.
 
Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania stands at 19,340 feet (5895 m) and is Africa's tallest mountain. The attraction of hiking up Mount Kilimanjaro is that it's not a technical climb so no equipment such as oxygen and ropes are necessary. But it's no walk in the park. As you you'll see from the images below, trekkers make their way through 5 climatic zones before reaching the summit. Weather changes from moment to moment and the high altitude wreaks havoc on the body and mind...read more. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Kilimanjaro Climb Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park Information climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro routes Kilimanjaro trekking hiking Machame Marangu Rongai Lemosho Umbwe Kilimanjaro Travel Vacations.

East Africa travel destinations that we include in our catalogue include Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Rwanda. East Africa is home to the safari, since this is where the African savannah is at its best and the plains are filled with wildlife. Hikers also come to East Africa to enjoy the mountains, including Mount Kilimanjaro (Tanzania), Mount Kenya, Mount Longonot and Mount Meru. The East African coastline has some of the best beaches in the world, including the famous spice island of Zanzibar. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Kilimanjaro Climb Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park Information climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro routes Kilimanjaro trekking hiking Machame Marangu Rongai Lemosho Umbwe Kilimanjaro Travel Vacations.
 
Kenya Safari:
Kenya is the original safari country where the 'safari' (Swahili for travel) begun. In Kenya, you can mix the idyllic experience of a tropical beach vacation on the warm Indian Ocean with an East African wild animal safari expedition. Combining the two makes for a unique holiday. Part of your vacation is filled with excitement as you observe African wildlife at close quarters, while part is spent relaxing and soaking up the sun on a sandy beach.

A beach and safari break in Kenya is an exotic getaway from the daily routines of city life. It also makes for the ideal honeymoon for newly weds, with time to relax as well as a touch of adventure.

East Africa, including Kenya, does not yet have a high profile as a holiday destination in America, but is growing in reputation as a unique vacation experience. Europeans, and the British in particular, have less distance to travel to Africa, and have been been the mainstay of Kenyan tourism, attracted by the unique mix of the tropical beach and African safari vacation. Luxury vacations have become more affordable as European currencies have strengthened, prompting investment in Kenyan tourist facilities.
 
Tanzania Safari:
Safari in Tanzania is a worth undertaking. We are the original safari company offering quality Tanzania safaris to Ngorongoro Crater, animal migration tours in Serengeti, Climbing Mt Kilimanjaro, Tanzania  honeymoon vacations in Zanzibar Island, family holidays in spice island and luxury beach resorts of pemba island. A variety of accommodation in Tanzania is offered from lodge, hotels and safari tented camps...Read more.
 
The best time to go for an African safari is when the animals are easy to find and in dense numbers. Deciding when to go on safari depends on what country you would like to visit and when you are able to plan your trip. Seasons differ in East Africa so you can really plan a great safari for almost every month of the year, if you are flexible about where you want to go to.....:
 
Kenya:
The best time to go on safari in Kenya and experience a huge density and diversity of wildlife is when the annual migration of millions of wildebeest, zebra and gnu's descend on the Mara plains with predators close behind. The best time to see this wildlife spectacle is from July to October. Other parks in Kenya are also excellent and the best time to visit these would be during the dry seasons - January through March and July through October.

With the scarcity of water during the dry seasons, the animals tend to gather in more concentrated numbers around permanent water holes, rivers and lakes, so they are easier to find. The vegetation is also less lush which simply means that viewing animals from a distance is easier.

Tanzania:
If you want to see the Great Migration unfold, head to Tanzania's northern parks; the Serengeti and Ngorongoro. The best time to witness the annual migration is probably February - March when the wildebeest and zebra have their young. Not only can you enjoy seeing baby animals, but the predators are at the highest number too. Because the herds also concentrate in the south of the Serengeti, it's easy to plan your wildlife viewing in that area and find a safari company that offers lodging there.

June to November is Tanzania's dry season and is the best time to visit all the parks (and you can always hop over to Kenya's Masai Mara to witness the Great Wildebeest Migration during this time). Tanzania's Southern Parks are perfect to visit during this time since the animals tend to congregate around permanent water and it isn't so hot and humid.

All of Tanzania's parks suffer from the rains which generally fall from March to May in the North, and from November to May in the South and West. Roads get washed out and given the sheer size of Tanzania's parks, the animals tend to spread out, and this makes wildlife viewing less satisfying (if you're looking for sheer numbers of animals).

December through March can get quite hot and humid, especially in Western and Southern Tanzania which makes it a little uncomfortable to spend a lot of time in the bush.

If you want to add a hike up Mount Kilimanjaro to your safari, the best time to hike is January - March and September - October.

Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Kilimanjaro Climb Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park Information climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro routes Kilimanjaro trekking hiking Machame Marangu Rongai Lemosho Umbwe Kilimanjaro Travel Vacations.

Kilimanjaro Climb Expeditions, Climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, an expert comprehensive guide to trekking snow capped Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Kilimanjaro hiking is done inside Kilimanjaro National Park in Tanzania and is the highest mountain in Africa and African holiday: Masai Mara trip: Umbwe route: Kenya holiday: Kenya offers excellent value for safaris. Its wildlife parks are world famous for the quality of game viewing and the variety of wildlife preserved through a highly reputed system of scientific game management. Affordable Kenya and Tanzania safaris stay in standard camps and lodges, using Kenya's excellent road system for transfers between parks. Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Kilimanjaro Climb Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park Information climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro routes Kilimanjaro trekking hiking Machame Marangu Rongai Lemosho Umbwe Kilimanjaro Travel Vacations.
 
African Safari
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Kenya safari
Tanzania safari
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Masai Mara safari trips
Serengeti safari tour

Masai Mara - Serengeti wildebeest migration:
Wildebeest migration to and back from Serengeti into the Maasai Mara is the single most popular wildlife spectacle in Kenya. The wildebeest migration is such a phenomenon it involves movement of over 1 million animals crossing plains and rivers in the Mara migration. River crossings are the most spectacular where the wildebeest of Mara jump into rivers full of crocodiles and surging currents. The wildebeest is feted as the clown of the Savannah. Also known as a gnu, the animal has a structure resembling a young horse with a heavily built frontal shoulders and chest and a slender posterior. Its legs are so slender its intriguing how it supports the proportionately larger body frame. The title results from its unusual behavior considered to other bovids, for example a gnu herd will usually scatter in different directions when attacked by a lion.
 

 
Lamu Town began life as a 14th century Swahili settlement. But the island has seen many visitors and influences, including Portuguese explorers, Turkish traders and the Omani Arabs. Despite all these influences, Lamu developed its own particular culture which has ultimately endured. The island is a beautiful place of rolling dunes and endless beaches, where tiny villages nestle among coconut and mango plantations and lateen sailed dhows ply the waters. Dense mangrove forests fringe the mainland and the inland sides of the island. The beach on Lamu Island is 12km of empty sands backing on to an ocean protected by a reef...Read more..
 
 

Mount Kenya: Mount Kenya National Park
Mount Kenya plays a crucial role in the life of the country being Kenya's single most important permanent watershed and her largest forest reserve. The fertile soils of its lower slopes also sustain the growth of the nation's richest farmlands whilst much of its vegetation is globally unique. In recent years, however, the Mountain has suffered greatly from the adverse effects of deforestation, resulting in large tracts of its lower slopes being entirely denuded of trees and occupied by squatters. And, although much of the vast forest cover remains intact, the growing demand for timber (Kenya's staple construction and fuel source) threatens to lead to even more serious deforestation and subsequent soil erosion.....Read more...

 
 
Bwindi , Uganda
Formerly known as the 'Impenetrable Forest',
this park is home to one of the largest surviving numbers of the mountain Gorilla in Africa and a superb location for a gorilla safari trek.. more
Zanzibar
Also known as the spice islands, these exotic islands are one of the best honeymoon destinations and also make for a relaxing African beach holiday ... more

Shaba National Reserve
It is impossible to talk about the Shaba National Reserve without mentioning Samburu National Reserve, and Buffalo Springs National Reserve, because they are all intertwined, and they form a trio of unusual and attractive game sanctuaries, and all neighbours.

Shaba is a relatively small National Park being a little over 239 sq. kms, and it is only 70 kms north of Mount Kenya, at an altitude varying between 700-1500metres.

Visitors go to Parks to see wildlife, and the Shaba Game is outstanding. You have a very good chance of seeing Giraffe, Cheetah, leopard, and lion. You can add to this gazelle, oryx, zebra, and Gerenuk, but of course it is the predators that are most sought after....Read more.


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Mount Kilimanjaro National Park Kilimanjaro Climb Tanzania Kilimanjaro National Park Information climbing Mt. Kilimanjaro Kilimanjaro routes Kilimanjaro trekking hiking Machame Marangu Rongai Lemosho Umbwe Kilimanjaro Travel Vacation.

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